Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

Our curricula have been developed in compliance with the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) and are up-dated frequently to correspond to modern trends in teaching.

The Council of Europe, which has designed and introduced the CERF to the state-members, has defined in it the levels of knowledge for a foreign language and set a new philosophy in learning foreign languages.

Before the introduction of CERF, it was impossible to achieve a common reference about the levels of knowledge, since each country had referred to the levels in its own particular way. Now, the levels have been defined with precision and clarity for all the countries of the EU to achieve a common way of referring to and understanding the knowledge of any foreign language.

According to the Council of Europe, there are six levels:

  • Α1 Level (beginner)
  • Α2 Level (elementary)
  • Β1 Level (intermediate)
  • Β2 Level (upper intermediate)
  • C1 Level (advanced)
  • C2 Level (proficiency)
Basic user
Level A1 Level A2
The user can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and basic phrases for specific needs. Can introduce themselves and/or another person, asking personal questions to someone (eg, on the place of residence, relations, things that belong to him) and to answer similar questions. They can communicate in simple words, IF the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help. You can understand sentences that are frequently used in everyday and familiar topics (eg basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). They can carry out routine tasks requiring a simple exchange of information . They can describe in simple terms aspects of their immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate needs.
Competent user
Level B1 Level B2
Can understand the main points on familiar matters regularly with work, school, leisure, etc., when the speaker uses clear standard language. Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst traveling in an area where the target language is spoken. It may give a reason simple and structured in familiar topics and issues of interest. Can narrate an event, experience or dream, describe a hope or a goal and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans. Can understand the essential content of specific or abstract topics of complex text, including technical terms related to the specialty. Can communicate with spontaneity and comfort, to discuss with the speaker of the target language without hesitation. Can express themselves with clarity and details on a wide variety of topics, to comment on a issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.
Indipendent user
Level C1 Level C2
Can understand a wide range of demanding, long texts, and recognize implicit meaning. Can express themselves fluently and spontaneously without giving the impression of trying hard to find the words. Can use the language effectively and flexibly in social, professional or academic life. Can express themselves on complex subjects, well-structured, which indicates that the user has control over organizational patterns, connectors and cohesive speech. Can understand with ease everything heard or read. Can reconstruct arguments from different spoken and written sources and summarize in a coherent presentation. Can express themselves spontaneously, very fluently and precisely even in more complex situations.